Rapid Prototyping Technology – Fused Deposition Modelling and Laminated Object Manufacturing

by Albert T.

Rapid prototyping is the concept of speedily brings together a model or a piece of a product. This is done with the help of a sophisticated computer-aided design (CAD) software and is applied by use of a three-dimension printer.

Rapid prototyping by use of 3D printers is fast, easy and very cheap. This technology has brought great concepts to become fruitful merchandises. Are you yearning to use Rapid prototyping to put your original ideas to a trial?

Models created through rapid prototyping can be used for both demonstrations or to show the plan of a long-term product will be. Experts have said that rapid prototyping helps companies to cut surplus, get merchandises to markets efficiently and examine products more easily before they are manufactured in bulk.

The first rapid prototyping system was established by three dimensional systems of Valencia, California, USA. The firm was started in 1986 and since then there are different rapid prototyping systems have been invented.

In some cases, rapid prototyping can be part of the final product, but they are not resilient or perfect enough. This segment will emphasis on two major rapid prototyping techniques available in the market, they are Laminated Object Manufacturing and Fused Deposition Modelling.

Reasons to Use Rapid Prototyping

The following are the reasons to use rapid prototyping. They include;

  • Decreases errors in costs.
  • Decreases development period.
  • Effective communication is improved.
  • Extends merchandise lifespan by adding applicable features and removes dismissed features timely in the design.
  • Minimal engineering changes are sustained.

The styles in manufacturing industries emphasis that:

  • A decrease in delivery time.
  • Product period before uselessness dwindling.
  • Product complexity is increased.
  • Variety of products are increased.

Rapid Prototyping Procedure

The following are the basic procedures of rapid prototyping:

  • CAD model is created, then transformed to STL design. The determination can be fixed to reduce stair treading.
  • Rapid prototyping machine procedures the STL file by constructing cut layers of the model.
  • Creation of the first layer of the physical model is done. The model is then dropped by the wideness of the initial layer, and the procedure is repetitive until termination of the model.
  • The model and any backings are detached. The surface of the model is then completed and washed.

1. Fused Deposition Modelling

Fused deposition modelling technology was created by Scott Crump in the late 1980s. Crump one of the founders of Stratasys Limited, the top producers of three dimensional printers. Fused deposition modelling bids three-dimensional printing and incomparable project choice and fast principal times attached with tough thermoplastics.

1.Fused Deposition Modelling

Places of Interest of Fused Deposition Modelling

  • Portions up to 600*600*500 mm can be created.
  • Two build constituents can be used, and latticework internal is a choice.
  • A filament of a heated thermoplastic polymer is squeezed out.
  • Thermoplastic is cooled rapidly since the platform is maintained at a lower temperature.
  • Typical engineering thermoplastics, such as ABS, can be cast-off in the production of structurally practical models.
  • Grinding stage is not comprised and layer deposition is occasionally non-uniform so “segment” can be slanted.

Applications of Fused Deposition Modelling

  • Production Parts

For long-lasting production parts fused deposition modelling has shown to be the best.  Fused deposition modelling is actual for bulky capacities of products when the designs are too difficult for conventional manufacturing to implement.

Production Parts

  • Jigs and Fixtures

Fused deposition modelling has led to fast periods and lightweight options have permitted custom operative and presentations like jigs and fixtures.

  • Functional Prototypes

Fused deposition modelling is chemically, thermally and mechanically resilient, crafting it as a perfect technique for challenging plastic uses.

Types of Materials Available in Fused Deposition Modelling

Fused deposition modelling uses the same materials for the medical, aerospace, industrial and automotive sector. Stratasys offers different types of thermoplastics that depend on three-dimensional printers. These materials include ASA, ABS, ABS/PC and PLA, which are compatible with Ultem, Polycarbonate, and Nylon.

Advantages of Fused Deposition Modelling

They include:

  • Produces strong materials.
  • It’s cost operational.
  • Can construct large sizes

Disadvantages of Fused Deposition Modelling

They consist of:

  • It is slow.
  • The surface finish is deprived
  • This technique is anisotropic


If you are looking for the best to offer quality work on fused deposition modelling then you have to contact the best.

2. Laminated Object Manufacturing

Laminated object manufacturing divides the constituent pieces from tinny layers of materials by use of Carbon IV Oxide laser fixed on a two-dimensional plotter. Commonly the system uses slips of paper arranged on top of another by design and merged together using a bonding agent.

The portions of the sheet outside the model offer sustenance. The undesirable regions are marked with intersecting lines, which form cubes that can be taken off from the model on completion.

Types of Materials Available in Fused Deposition Modelling

Laminated Object Modelling in Manufacture of Ceramic Constituents

This technique is used in making ceramic structural components. Sheets of a thickness of 0.015mm and 0.12mm are used in tape casting in making ceramic parts both with similar and multifaceted compound microstructures. Good outcomes have been noted with Aluminum oxide parts, which gave extraordinary strong point and microstructure after sintering.

This procedure is used in the production of mimetic bone biostructure for research purposes from phosphate-based bioceramics, alumina and zirconia. Nowadays in hospitals using CT scan, it’s able to measure wrist, facial bones, and inner ear. For the manufacture of geometric models data is sort out and taken to the laminated object manufacturing machine, where the constituents are produced.

Graphic Setup of Laminated Object Manufacturing

 Laminated Object Manufacturing

Pros of Laminated Object Manufacturing

The following are the advantages of laminated object manufacturing;

  • Have manufacturing high speed.
  • No need for the component support structures.
  • Simply the circumference of the portion is processed.

Cons of Laminated Object Manufacturing

Laminated object manufacturing has some disadvantages that consist of;

  • Deprived surface appearance
  • Manufacturing good bonds stuck between layers
  • Trouble in manufacturing hollow portions.


Explicit applications examples such as investment casting, ceramic processing, and sand casting show how a reduction of necessary process steps and cycle times can be achieved by use of laminated object manufacturing. To gain this, control of laminated object manufacturing objects accuracy and stability during different secondary processes is of decisive importance.

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